The Battle of Surabaya | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10
Teman KOCO, pada kesempatan kali ini, kita akan menjawab pertanyaan what is the passage about pada cerita The Battle of Surabaya, lengkap dengan soal dan jawaban lainnya. Namun sebelumnya, kita simak dulu seputar pengertian, tujuan recount text, unsur kebahasaan, jenis, contoh struktur The Battle of Surabaya (orientation, series of events, reorientation), serta penjabaran materi regular dan irregular verb di artikel ini. Selamat belajar!
Pengertian dan Tujuan Recount Text
A recount text retells an experience or an event that happened in the past. Sebuah teks recount menceritakan kembali pengalaman atau peristiwa yang terjadi dimasa lalu.
The purpose of a recount is to inform, entertain, and/or evaluate. Tujuan dari recount adalah untuk menginformasikan, menghibur, dan/atau mengevaluasi.
Struktur Recount Text
● Orientation – Explain the who, what, when, where, of the experience in your introduction.
● Events – A series of events, ordered in a chronological sequence.
● Reorientation – A summary or personal comment about the event or what happened in the end.
● Orientation – menjelaskan siapa, apa, kapan, di mana, dari pengalaman dalam pendahuluan..
● Events – Serangkaian peristiwa, diurutkan dalam urutan kronologis.
● Reorientation – rangkuman atau komentar pribadi tentang peristiwa atau apa yang terjadi pada akhirnya.
Kaidah Kebahasaan Recount Text
● Using the simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, and past perfect continuous tense.
● Using temporal sequence, e.g. On Saturday. On Monday, On Sunday.
● Focus on specific participant, e.g. I (the writer).
● Using the conjunctions, such as: then, before, after, etc..
● Using action verbs, e.g. went, stayed.
● Menggunakan simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, dan past perfect continuous tense.
● Menggunakan urutan temporal, mis. Pada hari Sabtu. Pada hari Senin, Pada hari Minggu.
● Fokus pada peserta tertentu, mis. saya (penulis).
● Menggunakan konjungsi, seperti: lalu, sebelum, sesudah, dll.
● Menggunakan kata kerja tindakan, mis. pergi, tinggal.
Tipe/Jenis Recount Text
Types of Recount Text
● Personal recount
Personal recount is a recount text that serves to tell about the author’s personal experience.
● Factual recount / historical recount
Factual recount is a recount text that serves to present reports of events that actually occurred, such as scientific experiment reports or police reports.
Imaginative is a type of recount text that serves to present an imaginative story. Then write down the events or events that have occurred.
Jenis-jenis Recount Text
● Personal recount
Personal recount adalah teks recount yang berfungsi untuk menceritakan tentang pengalaman pribadi penulis.
● Factual recount / historical recount
Factual recount adalah teks recount yang berfungsi untuk menyajikan laporan peristiwa yang benar-benar terjadi, seperti laporan eksperimen ilmiah atau laporan polisi.
Imajinatif adalah jenis teks recount yang berfungsi untuk menyajikan cerita imajinatif. Kemudian tuliskan peristiwa atau peristiwa yang telah terjadi.
Example of Recount Text: The Battle of Surabaya
On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to the British army.
The British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary leader who played a very important role in this battle. It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.S.Mallaby.
Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that the British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.
Series of events
However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.
On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death, but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to Siegethe city.
In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.
The Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.
Jawaban What is The Passage About? (Soal The Battle of Surabaya)
1. what is the passage about?
The passage above tells about The Battle of Surabaya on 10 November 1945 which nowadays is celebrated as The Heroes Day remembrance.
2. where did the battle take place?
That battle happened in Surabaya City.
3. when did it happen?
It happened on 10 November 1945.
4. what caused the battle?
It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya.
➡ British Army’s Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya not to ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons
➡ However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya
➡ The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945
➡ This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed
➡ On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya
➡ Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city
➡ In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment
➡ Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks
➡ The battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.
5. What do you think about the Indonesians military power compared to that of the British army at that time?
I think that Indonesia’s ancestors have a brave soul and have no fear, that’s why British Army are overwhelmed to handle the partisans’ resistance
6. What made the Indonesians dare to face the British army military aggression?
The spirit to defend the country’s independence encouraged Indonesian freedom ﬁghters to ﬁght the aggressors.
7. Did the Indonesian lose or win the battle? Why do you think so?
Indonesia lost the battle because the number of victims or casualties in Indonesian side is bigger, and Surabaya was ﬁnally occupied by the British Army.
8. How did the battle influence the national revolution at that time?
The battle provoked Indonesian and international community to rally to support the independence movement of Indonesia.
9. Who was the prominent figure in the battle?
What did he do? Bung Tomo. He was a one of Indonesian militia who bravely command the army to fight for independency.
10. Indonesia had gone through many battles. Why do you think the date of the Battle of Surabaya is used as a momentum to commemorate our hero’s contribution? Who was the prominent figure in the battle? What did he do?
The Battle of Surabaya was ﬁerce and bloody. The freedom ﬁghters and people fought hand in hand till death heroically and many died in the battle. To commemorate their sacriﬁce, the day when the battle took place was commemorated as the Heroes Day.
Regular Verb is a regular verb that has definite rules in forming the simple past tense and past participle of the verb. In English, the “definite” rule is meant to add “-ed” or “-d” to the base form of the verb to make the past tense.
Regular Verb adalah regular verb yang memiliki aturan pasti dalam membentuk simple past tense dan past participle dari verb tersebut. Dalam bahasa Inggris, aturan “pasti” dimaksudkan untuk menambahkan “-ed” atau “-d” ke bentuk dasar kata kerja untuk membuat bentuk lampau. Contoh:
If the verb ends in a consonant and -y, we change the -y to -i and add -ed. For example: (Jika kata kerja berakhiran konsonan dan -y, kita ubah -y menjadi -i dan tambahkan -ed) Sebagai contoh:
If a verb ends in -e we simply add -d. For example: (Jika kata kerja berakhiran -e kita cukup menambahkan -d). Contoh:
Irregular verbs are verbs that do not apply the rules of regular verbs. This type of verb does not end in -ed like regular verbs in the simple past and past participle.
Irregular verbs merupakan verbs yang tidak menerapkan aturan dari regular verbs. Verbs jenis ini tidak menggunakan akhiran -ed seperti halnya regular verbs dalam bentuk simple past maupun past participle.
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