Bahasa Inggris, SMA, Topik Belajar

Contoh Reported Speech Lengkap Rumus Direct Indirect | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

Pernahkah kamu menjadi orang pertama, atau orang kedua, hingga orang ketiga yang menyampaikan kalimat atau sebuah penuturan? Nah, diantara kalimat yang pernah kamu tuturkan itu bisa disebut ‘tuturan langsung dan tuturan tidak langsung’. Nah, rangkuman materi reported speech yang akan kita pelajari kali ini merupakan salah satu bagian yang berkaitan dengan kalimat tuturan yang pernah kamu ungkapkan tersebut. Simak juga rumus serta contohnya dibawah ini!

Contoh Reported Speech Lengkap Rumus Direct Indirect | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

Pengertian Reported Speech

Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech (britishcouncil). (Reported speech adalah ketika kita memberitahu seseorang apa yang orang lain katakan. Reported speech terdiri dari direct speech (kalimat langsung) dan indirect speech (kalimat tidak langsung). Direct speech atau kalimat langsung menggunakan tanda kutip karena kalimat yang ditulis sama dengan apa yang diucapkan. indirect speech tidak menggunakan tanda kutip dan mengalami perubahan). Contoh:

★ Direct speech : My sister said, “I am reading.”
★ Indirect Speech : She said that she was reading.

Rumus dan Contoh Perubahan Direct ke Indirect

There are five changes while changing direct speech in to indirect speech. (Ada lima perubahan saat mengubah ucapan langsung menjadi ucapan tidak langsung):

Change in Tenses

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Simple present
● S + is/am/are + n/adj/adverb
● S + V1/V1+s + O/C
Simple past
● S + was/were + n/adj/adverb
● S + V2 + O/C
Present continuous
● S + is/am/are + V1+ing + O/C
Past continuous
● S + was/were + V1+ing + O/C
Present perfect
● S + has/have + been + n/adj/adverb
● S + has/have+V3+ O/C
Past perfect
● S + had + been + n/adj/adverb
● S + had+V3+ O/C
Present perfect continuous
● S + has/have + been + V1+ing
Past perfect continuous
● S + has/have + been + V1+ing
Simple Past
● S + was/were + n/adj/adverb
● S + V2 + O/C
Past perfect
● S + had + been + n/adj/adverb
● S + had+V3+ O/C
Past continuous
● S + was/were + V1+ing + O/C
Past perfect continuous
● S + had + been + V1+ing
Past perfect
● S + had + been + n/adj/adverb
● S + had+V3+ O/C
Past perfect
● S + had + been + n/adj/adverb
● S + had+V3+ O/C
Simple Future
● S + will + be + n/adj/adverb
● S + will+V1+ O/C
Past future
● S + would + be + n/adj/adverb
● S + would+V1+ O/C
Future continuous
S + will + be + V1 + ing + O/C
Past Future continuous
S + would + be + V1 + ing + O/C

Note:
S = Subject (Pelaku)
V = Verb (kata kerja)
O = Object (object)
C = Complement (Keterangan)
adj = adjective (kata sifat)
n = noun (kata benda)
adverb = kata keterangan

Contoh:

Contoh Reported Speech Lengkap Rumus Direct Indirect Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
Contoh Reported Speech Direct – Indirect // Sumber: testenglish

Change in Pronoun

DirectIndirect
IShe/He
WeThey
YouI/ She/He/We/They
TheyThey
SheShe
HeHe
ItIt
First person pronounThird person pronoun
Third person pronoun in direct speechThird person pronoun in direct speech

Contoh:

Contoh Reported Speech versi 2 Lengkap Rumus Direct Indirect Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

Change in Time Maker

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
TodayThat day
yesterdayThe day before
TomorrowThe next/following day
The day after tomorrowIn two days time/ two days later
Next week/month/yearThe following week/month/year
Last week/month/yearThe previous/week/month/year
AgoBefore
this (for time)- this morningThat morning

Contoh:

contoh change in time maker - Contoh Reported Speech Lengkap Rumus Direct Indirect | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
Contoh Change in Time Maker – Reported Speech // Sumber: testenglish

Change in Demonstrative Pronoun

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
ThisThat
TheseThose
ThatThe
ThoseThe
HereThere

Change in Modal

DirectIndirect
WillWill
CanCould
MayMight
MustHad to (or must)
WouldWould
CouldCould
MightMight
Had toHad to

Usai menyimak pemaparan diatas, kini kamu makin mahir menguasai seputar contoh reported speech lengkap rumus direct indirect. Penasaran, kan untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pemahaman materi yang kamu miliki? Yuk kerjakan TEMU (Tes Kemampuan Kamu) di Kelas BESTIE , ya!

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