Bahasa Inggris, SMA, Topik Belajar

Contoh Direct Indirect Speech Imperative, Statement, Question | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

Setelah sebelumnya kita sudah memahami arti dan contoh reported speech lengkap rumus direct indirect-nya, sekarang Minco akan membawamu ke materi indirect speech yang lebih dalam lagi yakni macam-macam indirect speech. Dalam artikel ini, kita akan mempelajari indirect speech dalam bentuk imperative (kalimat perintah), statement (kalimat pernyataan), dan question (kalimat tanya). Yuk kita simak sama-sama!

Contoh Direct Indirect Speech Imperative, Statement, Question | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

Indirect Speech in form of Imperative

Imperative is a sentence that begins with a verb, it does not have a subject in the sentence. Imperatives can be: (Imperative merupakan kalimat yang diawali dengan kata kerja (verb), tidak memiliki subject pada kalimatnya. Imperatives dapat berupa):

● Commands : Open the door!
● Requests : Please, open the wind.
● Advice : treat your pet as your own family.
● Suggestions : sleep more.

Note :
Indirect command uses introductory verbs: tell, order, command, warn, and direct. Introductory verbs in indirect commands need a direct object. (Biasanya, introductory verb (kata pengantar) “said” dan “told” digunakan dalam reported speech, namun untuk imperative reported speech menggunakan kata pengantar tell, ask, order, command, warn, suggest dan direct.)

Positive Imperative

Direct Speech: S + Introductory Verb + V1 + O/C

Indirect Speech: S + Introductory Verb + to + V1 + O/C

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
My mother said, “open the door!”My mother instructed me to open the door.
He said, “Please open the window.He asked me to open the window.
My friend told, “treat your pet as your own family.My friend told me to treat my pet as my own family.
The doctor said, “sleep more”.The doctor advised me to sleep more.

Negative Imperative

Direct Speech: S + Introductory Verb + don’t + V1 + O/C

Indirect Speech: S + Introductory Verb + not to + V1 + O/C

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
My mother said, “don’t open the door!”My mother instructed me not to open the door.
He said, “Please don’t open the window.He asked me not to open the window.
My friend told, “don’t treat your pet badly”My friend told me not to treat my pet as my own family.
The doctor said, “don’t sleep more”.The doctor advised me not to sleep more.

Indirect Speech in form of Statement

Positive Sentence

Direct Speech: S + Introductory Verb (said) + Positive Statement

Indirect Speech: S + Introductory Verb (said) + that + Positive Statement

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Justin said, “ I love you my girl”.Justin said that he loved his girl.
The teacher said, “You can sit here”.The teacher said that I could sit there.
My friend said, “I have seen the Avengers film many times”.My friend said that he had seen the Avengers film many times.

Negative Sentence

Direct Speech: S + Introductory Verb (said) + Negative Statement

Indirect Speech: S + Introductory Verb (said) + that + Negative Statement

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Justin said, “ I don’t hate you my girl”.Justin said that he didn’t hate his girl.
The teacher said, “You can’t sit here”.The teacher said that I couldn’t sit there.
My friend said, “I haven’t seen the Avengers film yet”.My friend said that he had not seen the Avengers film yet.

When changing direct speech to indirect speech, don’t forget to change the subject pronoun, object pronoun, and possessive adjective. (Ketika mengubah direct speech menjadi indirect speech, jangan lupa untuk mengubah subject pronoun (kata ganti subject), object pronoun (kata ganti object) dan possessive adjective (kata sifat untuk menyatakan sebuah kepemilikan).

Indirect Speech in form of Question

Yes/No Question

Yes-No question is a question that requires a yes or no answer. (Yes-No question adalah pertanyaan yang membutuhkan jawaban yes (ya) or no (tidak). Example:

★ Do you like ice cream? (The answer: yes or no) – Apakah kamu suka es krim?
★ Have you ever met a ghost? (The answer: yes or no) – Pernahkah kamu bertemu hantu?
★ Are you a student? (The answer: yes or no) – Apakah kamu seorang siswa?

Direct Speech: S + Introductory Verb (asked) + Auxiliary + S + V?

Indirect Speech: S + Introductory Verb (asked) + Object + if/whether + Statement

Direct Speech
Auxiliary
(is/are/was/were/have/can/do/does/did)
Indirect Speech
If/Whether
My friend : “Do you like ice cream?”My friend asked me if I liked ice cream.
My friend : “Have you ever met a ghost?”My friend asked me whether I had ever met a ghost
The old woman : “Are you a student?”The old woman asked if I was a student

Information Questions/Wh-Questions Word

Wh-questions are questions starting with WH-words including: what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how. This question is used to ask/request information. (Wh-questions meliputi pertanyaan; what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why dan how. Pertanyaan ini digunakan menggunakannya untuk bertanya/meminta informasi).

Direct Speech: S + asked + Wh-Question Word + Aux + S + V + ?

Indirect Speech: S + asked + Object + Wh-Question Word
+ Statement

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
My teacher asked, “When did you do your test?The teacher asked me when I had done my test
The students asked, “How long will we go?”The students asked the teacher how long we would go.
My friend asked “What did you do with my book?”My friend asked me what I had done with his book.
The old woman : “Where is your father?”The old woman asked me where my father was.

Usai menyimak pemaparan diatas, kini kamu makin mahir menguasai seputar contoh indirect speech. Penasaran, kan untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pemahaman materi yang kamu miliki? Yuk kerjakan TEMU (Tes Kemampuan Kamu) di Kelas BESTIE , ya!

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