Bahasa Inggris, SMA, Topik Belajar

Rumus Conditional Sentence Type 0 dan 1 Lengkap Contoh | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

Teman KOCO, pernahkah kamu berandai-andai seperti ini, “Kalau pagi ini tidak turun hujan, aku mau pergi ke toko buku,” Nah, berandai-andai seperti itu tentunya tak terlepas dari kehidupan sehari-hari kita. Lalu, bagaimana dengan kalimat pengandaian dalam bahasa Inggris, Minco? Nah, dalam bahasa Inggris, pengandaian bisa kamu ungkapkan dengan conditional sentence. Untuk memahami lebih lanjut tentang conditional sentence, yuk kita simak artikel ini dibawah ini.

Rumus Conditional Sentence Type 0 dan 1 Lengkap Contoh | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12

— WFD —

Pengertian Conditional Sentence

Conditional sentences are made up of a dependent clause (main clause) and an independent clause (if clause) joined to express said condition.

(Kalimat pengandaian terdiri dari klausa dependen (klausa utama) dan klausa independen (klausa yang menggunakan kata ‘if’) menjadi sebuah kalimat pengandaian).

There are five types of conditional sentences, they are Type 0 (zero conditionals), type 1 (first conditional), type II (second conditionals), and type III (third conditionals) and mix type. In this chapter, we are going to discuss more about conditional type 0 and type 1. Those types of conditionals followed by command or suggestion.

(Ada lima jenis kalimat pengandaian, yaitu Tipe 0, tipe I, tipe II, dan tipe III, dan tipe campuran. Pada bab ini, kita akan membahas lebih jauh tentang pengandaian type 0 dan type 1. Jenis pengandaian tersebut dipakai untuk memberi perintah atau saran).

— WFD —

Conditional Sentence Type 0 (Zero Conditional)

In this type of conditional, the word ‘if’ can be replaced with the word “when”. The situation of the sentences in this type is real and possible. The tense in this type is Simple present tense. There are several functions of zero conditional.

(Pada jenis pengandaian ini, kata ‘jika’ dapat diganti dengan kata “kapan”. kalimat pengandaian type O dipakai untuk kebenaran umum, fakta dan sesuatu yang mungkin terjadi. Tense dalam jenis ini adalah Simple present tense. kalimat pengandaian ini berfungsi sebagai):

1. To show general truth/scientific facts

It is used to show general truth/scientific facts or to express something as a fact. (Fungsi pertama yaitu digunakan untuk menunjukkan kebenaran umum/fakta ilmiah atau fakta.)

(If + S. Present, S. Present)

The pattern of Simple present tense can be non-verbal (nominal) or verbal sentences. (Pola kalimat S. Present tense dipakai dalam bentuk verbal maupun nominal)

a. Here is the pattern for nominal sentences

pattern for nominal sentences - conditional sentence type 0 zero

For example

  1. If the new babies is hungry, they cry.
  2. If I miss the bus, I am late for school.

b. The pattern for non-verbal pattern

rumus The pattern for non-verbal pattern - conditional sentence type 1 first

For example:
● If you heat the ice, it melts.
● If people eat too much, they get fat.

NoIf clause (condition) – Simple presentMain clause (result) – Simple present
1If the new babies is hungry,they cry
2If you heat the ice,it melts.
3If people eat too muchthey get fat.
4If I miss the bus,I am late for school
5when the new babies is hungry,they cry
6when you heat the ice,it melts.
7when people eat too muchthey get fat.
8when I miss the bus,I am late for school

2. To give instructions/command/advice

Zero conditional is also used to give instructions/command and advice by using the imperative in the main clause. (Zero conditional juga digunakan untuk memberikan instruksi/perintah dan nasehat dengan menggunakan kalimat imperatif pada klausa utama.

(If + S. Present, Imperative)

Imperative is the sentence which asks someone to do something. Imperative can be positive and negative; the negative is called prohibition. (Imperatif adalah kalimat yang meminta seseorang untuk melakukan sesuatu. Imperatif bisa berupa kalimat positif dan negatif; kalimat negatifnya disebut larangan.)

a. The pattern for imperative is

The pattern for imperative is - conditional sentence type 0 zero

For example:
★ If you want to enjoy Seattle, stroll around the city.
★ If you want to pass the exam, be a diligent student.

b. The pattern for negative imperative/prohibition

The pattern for negative imperative or prohibition - conditional sentence type 0 zero

For example:
★ If you visit Seattle, don’t do something illegally.
★ If you want to pass the exam, don’t be a lazy student.

NoIf clause (condition) – Simple presentIf clause (condition) – Simple present
1If/when you want to enjoy Seattle,stroll around the city.
2If/when you want to pass the exam,be a diligent student.
3If/when you visit the Seattle,don’t do something illegally..
4If/when you want to pass the exam,don’t be a lazy student.

Conditional Sentence Type 1 (First Conditional)

Pengertian Conditional Sentence Type 1

First conditional is used to talk about situations which are very likely to happen, for example to show a dream/ambition/future action and it is also used to give suggestions.

(First conditional digunakan untuk membicarakan situasi yang sangat mungkin terjadi, misalnya untuk menunjukkan mimpi/ambisi/tindakan di masa depan dan juga digunakan untuk memberi saran.)

Rumus dan Contoh Conditional Type 1

(If + Simple Present, Simple Future/Present Modal)

contoh rumus dan kalimat first conditional sentences type 1- materi Rumus Conditional Sentence Type 0 dan 1 Lengkap Contoh | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
NoIf clause (condition) – Simple presentMain clause (result) – Present Modal
1If Lisa graduates next Mei,she will get her master’s degree next July.
2If you visit Seattle,you should explore the Space Needle and Pacific Science Center.
3If you don’t feel well,you should go home now.
4If you want to pass the exam,you must study harder.
5If you study,you can answer this question.
6If you feel sick,you may go home.
7If you visit Seattle,you should explore the Space Needle and Pacific Science Center.

The use of “Unless” (Penggunaan “Unless”)

Unless means except if or if…not. Often when we are talking about present situations. we use unless instead of if…not.

(Unless memiliki arti kecuali atau jika…tidak. Seringkali ketika kita berbicara tentang sesuatu, kita menggunakan “unless” (kecuali) daripada menggunakan kata “jika…tidak”).

IfUnless
If you don’t study, you can’t answer all of the questions.You can’t answer all of the questions unless you study.”
She will be hungry if she doesn’t eat her meal.She will be hungry unless she eats her meal.
If Lisa doesn’t graduate next Mei, she can’t get a master ‘s degree next July.Lisa doesn’t get her master’s degree next July unless she graduates next Mei.

Usai menyimak pemaparan diatas, kini kamu makin mahir menguasai seputar conditional sentence. Penasaran, kan untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pemahaman materi yang kamu miliki? Yuk kerjakan TEMU (Tes Kemampuan Kamu) di Kelas BESTIE , ya!

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